Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Secessionist and Adolf Loos's ornament in crime.

K..Finally i had some idea to make my self clear about this topic although at the first time , i thought its about fashion ( based on Pn Suzy Slide ) haha but I will do my best to explain in my opinion about this topic. Secessionist and Adolf Loos right? its mean two philosopher which i have to understand one by one.

lets start with seccessionist ..shall we?

Gustav Klimt was born in July 14 in 1862. He was known as Austrian Symbolist Painter Vienna Secession movement . He usually more to paintings, murals, sketches and others arts. The way of his art philosophy and female body which also explaining on the erotic works. ( oh my Gucci ,...pervert?? ) .

Gustav was born in Baumgarten  close to Vienna . He  was the second child from 7 siblings.His father , Ernst Klimt was formely from Bohemia and also was gold engraver. He was married to Anna Finster (before change the names ) . His wife actually have talent in musical performer. Ernst have all 3 sons which also inherited like he was . All was an artistic.Because he lived in poverty since child, he has difficult for moving to somewhere.

Klimt was been given the scholarship as reward to Vieena School of Arts and Crafts.In there, he gain al lot of knowledge in an architectural painter. his brothers and friend of them ,Franz Matsch forming the group which is called  the Company of Artist and contributing their skills to their teacher at Kunstgewerbeschule.Then, Klimt began his new career in more depth as painting interior murals and ceilings at the large public buildings on the Ringstrabe  with his succesful series of Allegories and Emblems.

Vienna  Secession

          The Vienna Secession was founded on 3 April 1897 by artists Gustav Klimt , Koloman Moser , Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Max Kurzweil and others . Although Otto Wagner is widely recognised as a fundamental member of the Vienna Secession he was not a founding member. The Secession artists objected to the prevailing conservatism of the Vienna K├╝nstlerhaus with its traditional orientation toward Historicism The Berlin and Munich Secession movements preceded the Vienna Secession, which held its first exhibition in 1898.
                      The group earned considerable credit for its exhibition policy, which made the French Impressionist Josef Hoffmann and dedicated to Ludwig Van Beethoven , was especially famous. A statue of Beethoven by Max Klinger stood at the center, with Klimt's Beethoven frieze mounted around it. somewhat familiar to the Viennese public. The 14th Secession exhibition, designed by
In 1903 Hoffmann and Moser founded the Wiener Werkstatte as a fine-arts society with the goal of reforming the applied arts (arts and crafts).
                        On 14 June 1905 Gustav Klimt and other artists left the Vienna Secession due to differences of opinion over artistic concepts. - Wikipedia .com..( again ) 

Vienna Style

                          The Secession building ( up ) could be considered the icon of the movement. Above its entrance was carved the phrase "to every age its art and to art its freedom". Secession artists were concerned, above all else, with exploring the possibilities of art outside the confines of academic tradition. They hoped to create a new style that owed nothing to historical influence. In this way they were very much in keeping with the iconoclastic spirit of turn-of-the-century Vienna (the time and place that also saw the publication of Freud 's first writings).
                               The Secessionist style was exhibited in a magazine that the group produced, called Ver -Sacrum, which featured highly decorative works representative of the period. ( wikipedia.org )

 huhu for backgroud,,i just copied from Wikipedia and some of it i write with my own opinion for make me understand not yours haha .. ( i m still not conclude yet in my opinion huhu )

 Ok let move to Adolf loos ornament case  directly.

We already know that in  Loos's essay, "passion for smooth and precious surfaces  and in the essay he was mention and explaining about   his philosophy.His description was telling on  ornamentation can have the effect of causing objects to go out of style and thus become obsolete.The ornament actually struck him that it was a crime to waste the effort needed to add ornamentation... ( ornament ..hurm .. if at malaysia , how about the kerawang -kerawang?? is it waste material and time also? )  when the ornamentation would cause the object to soon go out of style ,  Loos taking chance to  introduced  " immorality " as  for sense of ornament.With describing " degenerate" , its describing  as suppression as necessary for regulating modern society. Tattooing of The Papuan  is the one of examples which the intense surface decorations of the objects is  about  him Loos considered the Papuan not to have evolved to the moral and civilized circumstances of modern man, who, should he tattoo himself, would either be considered a criminal or a degenerate.

My ideas

We already know the movement form secessionist and Adolf. And its quite complex to bringing it out and merge it together. It almost same with malaysian wood carving. Nowadays, many people following the trend for paralleling the standard of life. But have we noticing with acting like this could effect back to our identity? If we look back at 1600 until 1900, the carving has get demand from peoples for their wall house. In that time, carving also represent malay symbolic which also including the religion factor and norm society. But somehow when through into modernism , this culture are getting more evacuate from peoples need. The question is why this things happen? and why not be like japanese culture which they preserve until nowadays. Even surrounding in their life has change so much and more modern, their culture still be access as the first ethic in society. They never turn back off their culture and they respect as they bow in front of their ancestor. Yet they also using all their culture and exploring until the coming  out so many ideas and they adding the functional on it. So why can we? Malaysian Wood Carving already good in making process but the function still not be explored. My suggestion if we brought it back into modernism and doing experimental in malay society which can be contribute  for peoples life ..i think that can be done .. i give u an example ideas.. we knows that carving takes time to finish and if we wants to make mass production, its totally impossible, but now days we have some good technology in creating the model as fast as it could. Below of my statement, there is some video that might can help us back to merging back between adolf loos and seccesionist movement.

first 3d Printer